What is Sandstone?


Sandstone is a type of rock composed chiefly of sand that has been "cemented" together by pressure or by minerals. The sand commonly consists of grains of quartz, feldspar, and other minerals. It may also include organic matter or rock fragments. The minerals that cement the grains include quartz, pyrite, or calcite. The color of sandstone ranges from cream or gray to red, brown, or green, depending on the cements and impurities in the sand.

Brownstone, a reddish-brown sandstone, was once widely used to build houses in the Eastern United States. Sandstone was a common building material for larger structures before reinforced concrete came into use in the middle to late 1800's. Some great cathedrals in Europe were built of sandstone.

Date: 10/09/19